What are Non-Attainment Cities?
The NCAP has set a target of reducing key air pollutants PM10 and PM2.5 (ultra-fine particulate matter) by 20-30% in 2024 taking the pollution levels in 2017 as the base year to improve upon.
This is an interim target as the reduction needed to meet air quality standards in many cities is more than 30%.
India’s Road to Clean Air
Concept note on NCAP drafted
MoEFCC released a concept note on the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), seeking comments from concerned stakeholders by May 17, 2018.
India’s first National Clean Air Programme launched
The government launched the National Clean Air Programme, a time-bound national-level strategy to tackle increasing air pollution.
84 cities submit plans for improving air quality
20 more cities added to CPCB’s ‘polluted’ list
The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has added 20 more cities from eight states to the list of polluted cities which do not meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standards
Budget 2020: Rs 4,400 crore allocated to clean air
FM Nirmala Sitharaman said the government will renew its focus on environment and climate change, but experts say details will have to be ironed out for effective implementation
Lockdown helped achieve 95% National Clean Air Programme targets in 74 days
Clampdown on non-essential activities during Covid-19 pandemic led to a significant decline in air pollution levels across India.
Government earmarks ₹2,217 crores for tackling air pollution
The Centre earmarked a sum of ₹2,217 crore for tackling air pollution in 42 urban centres, even as it shrunk the budgetary allocation for the environment ministry from the last fiscal by nearly eight per cent for 2021-22.
Entities involved in the program
The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) are leading the program at the national level. At the state level, State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) are mandated to develop the city action plans and monitor their implementation by identified departments and agencies.
Technical institutions in every state have been identified to support the SPCBs
NCAP 2024 target of 20 to 30%
Analysis of pollution levels in many cities in the NCAP program shows that they will continue to remain polluted even if the target of reducing 20-30% of PM10 and PM2.5 concentrations are achieved in the next five years.
All data on the budget and actual disbursement has been sourced through RTIs from Union Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) and Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in December 2019. All data on air quality monitors (AQM) and PM levels has been sourced from CPCB and NAMP.